China Redstone Park—Danxia Mountain is situated in the northern part of Guangdong province of the People’s Republic of China with total area of 292 square kilometers and is a natural scenic spot mainly dominated by the landscape of Danxia landform.
It’s “colorful as the lilium concolor and iridescent as clouds at sunrise”. Danxia Mountain is successively named as state-level scenic spot, national nature reserve and national AAAA-class tourist area, national geological park and world geological park. In December 2006, it and several concentrated distribution areas of domestic Danxia landform are jointly nominated to apply for the world nature heritage site with the name of “China Danxia” series.
Danxia Mountain is the place where the naming the world landform was granted. Danxia landform is the continental redbed landform with escarpments. The Danxia landform of Danxia Mountain is developed with typicality, representativeness, diversity and non-substitutability. According to the research of geologists and geomorphologists, among more than 800 Danxia landforms, Danxia Mountain is the concentrated distribution area with most typical development, most complete types, most abundant forms, most beautiful scenes and most adequate studies.
Danxia Mountain consists of fives spots of Danxia, Bazhai, Shaoshi, Feihuashui and Xianrenji and Jinjiang River scenic belt and Zhenjiang scenic belt. It is composed of more than 680 hills with flat tops (ramp tops), steep bodies and smooth foothills which are made of red gravels and rocks and features red cliffs. The peak Bazhai is 619.2 meters above the sea level. Danxia Mountain is famous with majestic red cliffs, wonderful Ying and Yang vigor stones, precipitous Bazhai, beautiful Jinjiang River, secluded Xianglong Lake, graceful Shaoshi Mountain and spacious Xiafu village and has the symbolic scenic spots such as Jinjiang River gallery, Yang vigor stone, Xianglong River and Ying vigor stone and so on. The Jinjiang River stretches 38 kilometers across Danxia Mountain with cragged peaks on its two sides, very high cliffs and green rippling river water. Yang vigor stone is a natural stone pillar resembling male genitalia with the height of 28 meters and diameter of 7 meters and is praised as “the top marvelous stone in the world”. Xianglong Lake is named after the lake contour which is the image of a flying black dragon. There is a natural stone cave (Ying vigor stone) resembling female genitalia at the last 700 meters of the lake with the height of 10.3 meters, width of 4.8 meters and depth of 4.3 meters and is vividly shaped. Therefore, Danxia Mountain is known as “China Redstone Park”.